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Ice cream: Ice cream is the most popular frozen dessert. Ice cream is often called "The Great American Dessert". It is popular member of a group of frozen desserts, known as sorbet, sherbet, granita, frozen yogurt, etc.
Freezies/Smoothies/Whips: Generally speaking, these are made from whole frozen fruit (frozen bananas, strawberries, peaches, etc.) which are then whipped in a blender or food processor till smooth.
Frozen Custard or French Ice Cream: This is something of a misnomer, since many ice cream recipes are virtually frozen custards anyway, although I have had a frozen crème caramel, which surely qualifies as a distinctly different dessert. Supermarket brands must also contain a minimum of 10% milkfat, as well as at least 1.4 % egg yolk solids.
Frozen Soufflé: This airy mixture of fruit pure egg yolk sauce and stiffly-beaten egg whites is less fragile when frozen (compared to baked soufflé, which is very delicate).
Frozen Yogurt: Supermarket brands contain 10 to 20 percent real cultured yogurt. Yogurt can replace the ice cream, giving a smooth and creamy-although not as rich-result. As with the ice creams, you can add myriad chunked flavorings to frozen yogurts, including chopped fruits, or nuts, or healthy sprinkling of wheat germ. It has become very popular and competes head-to-head in some markets with ice cream. The health benefits of yogurt have long been touted. It is certainly a good source of B vitamins, protein and calcium and is much more digestible than fresh milk. It's also said to keep the intestinal system populated with good bacteria and therefore in healthy condition.
Fruit Ice: Similar to granita, this is usually made from fruit juices, frozen and then chopped in a blender to form coarse granules.
Gelato/Gelati: Also known in the singular as "gelato", this Italian version of ice cream contains less air than its North American counterpart and therefore has a denser texture. It is also characterized by an intense flavor and is served in a semi-frozen state. Gelato contains sweeteners, milk, cream, egg yolks and flavoring.
Granita (also Granité) or Ice: Something like a sorbet, this dessert-cum-beverage is usually more granular in nature and often made from whole fruits rather than just the juices.
Ice Cream Roulade (Rolls): The Jelly Roll Cake, also known as a Biscuit Roulade, is typically made from a thin sponge or foam-type cake, that is baked and then rolled into a tube-like or log shape around a filling, such as ice cream, and sliced to display the ingredients swirled into the rolled base of food. Ice cream is used as the filling.
Ice milk: Can mean low-fat, light or both. Ice milk is made in much the same way as ice cream, except for the fact that it contains less milk fat and milk solids. This is a frozen dessert with less than 10 per cent butterfat, if a supermarket brand. The result, other than a lowered calorie count, is a lighter, less creamy texture. The more butterfat, generally, the smaller the ice crystals formed, and the smoother the taste, so ice milk must be beaten more than ice cream for smoothness.
Italian Ice: also known as Water Ice, is a dessert treat that has been around for centuries. It is is a delicious, non-dairy, frozen dessert made from a mixture of water, fruit (often from concentrates, juices or purées) , and sweeteners, much like a sorbet. It is made by the same process by which ice cream is made; the mixture is slowly churned and has air incorporated into it at a gradual rate, giving it a seemingly "creamy" and smooth texture.
Mousse: Frozen mousse is usually fortified with gelatin to make it stand up well to the strenuous beating required to give it its characteristic frothiness. It's a rich, airy dessert usually containing fruit puree or syrup, plus some egg.
Novelties: are separately packaged single servings of a frozen dessert - such as ice cream sandwiches, fudge sticks and juice bars - that may or may not contain dairy ingredients.
Parfait: Real French parfait is frozen custard with egg yolks, sugar, whipped cream and flavoring such as fruit puree. In the U.S. a parfait has come to be known as ice cream layered with fruit or flavored syrup and whipped cream -- not the same thing at all! Ben & Jerry have a new sundae flavor that stacks layers - if you miss that old-fashioned soda fountain idea.
Popsickle: have been around for nearly a hundred years. Ever since a cold night in 1905, when 11-year-old Frank Epperson left a cup of soda pop with a stirring stick in it outside, Popsicles have been a cool and flavorful treat for young and old alike. While the trademarked Popsickle brand is the most popular, the industry sells more than a billion of the various flavored ice on a stick treats every year.
Semifreddo (Semi freddo): is Italian for "half-cold," and is an Italian dessert made by freezing mousseline-like custard, which are often layered with ingredients like ground amaretti, nuts, or chocolate. Unlike ice cream, semifreddo is not churned. To make it edible while frozen, air is incorporated into the custard base, usually in the form of meringue or whipped cream. The air also has the effect of making the semifreddo seem less cold than it actually is, which accounts for its name.
Sherbet: (Its "SHUR-bet" never pronounced "sherBERT") are ices based on sweetened fruit juice or puree. Similar to Sorbets (sometimes the words are used interchangeable) but sherbets usually have more ingredients, such as milk, egg whites or gelatin. Supermarket brands must have a milkfat content of between 1% and 2%, and slightly higher sweetener content than ice cream. Sherbet weighs a minimum of 6 pounds to the gallon and is flavored either with fruit or other characterizing ingredients. Recipes can be varied in infinite ways by changing the fruits used. Sorbets can be turned into sherbets if you add a beaten egg white to the mixture after it is partially frozen.
Sorbet: Light dessert, generally made of puréed fruits, water and sugar; frozen before serving. Similar to sherbets, sorbets contain no dairy ingredients. Sorbets freeze quicker than ice cream, and melt quicker. They need to have a balance of sugar and /or alcohol as these two items lower the freezing point of the sorbet, making it hard to set and affect the frozen texture. A squeeze of lemon juice is good in sorbets to give balance to sweet fruit.
Sorbet's consistency is also often softer than sherbet. It is usually made from a fruit purees liquor or wine, and is often served as a "palate cleanser" between courses in a big meal. Champagne sorbet is a classic form; margarita sorbet a 21st Century innovation.
Tofulati: This is a frozen tofu confection's name registered to Mario's Gelati, a Vancouver-based company, making ice cream and sorbet treats the old-fashioned, old world way.
Tofuti: Originally invented in New York just a few years ago, this is a frozen dessert made with tofu substituted for cream or milk.
Tofutti: Tofutti is dairy-free ice cream made from tofu (soybean curd).
Quiescently Frozen Confection: is a frozen novelty such as an ice cream novelty on a stick.
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