Types

Copyright © 2000 Sarah Phillips Sarah Phillips, Inc. All rights reserved.
Cookie recipe types are usually categorized by the way they are formed. They range from those soft enough to drop to those stiff enough to shape into a roll an slice for baking. Between these extremes is dough which is spread in the pan and cut after baking, dough just stiff enough to roll and those which are molded with a cookie press or mold. In addition, some cookie recipe types are subtypes of others.

BARS AND SQUARES: Bar cookie recipes are generally made from fluid batter, such as the most popular one, the Brownie. It is spread in a pan, then baked, cooled, and often stored right in the pan. In this way they are the simplest of cookies, requiring little handling. Other bar cookies, such as Lemon Bars, uses the "baking blind" technique, popular for making tarts. After preparing the crust in the pan, the crust is baked without filling to avoid the bottom from being soggy. The filling is then placed on top of the hot crust and returned to the oven for additional baking. No Bake Cookies can be made into bar

 

Characteristics of Standard Bars and Squares:

Appearance  
  Even height
  Not thin, crisp top crust, except for fudge brownies
Texture  
  Rich and moist
  Some can be drier and crispy or crunchy


COOKIES
Dropped:
Some of the most popular cookie recipes are made from this batter that is simply dropped from a spoon or a portion control scoop onto a baking sheet. The batter contains just enough flour so it won't spread. One of the most popular types is the Chocolate Chip Cookie. Others are Oatmeal Raisin, Cowboy Cookies and Snickerdoodles.

Icebox / Refrigerator: Some cookies are cut from a cookie dough log, using the same kind of dough used for rolled cookies. 

Molded: Molded cookie recipes are made from a stiff dough that is formed by hand into little balls, crescents, canes, and other shapes before being placed on the baking sheet. Peanut butter cookies are popular examples or molded cookies, as are biscotti.

Pressed: The dough for pressed cookie recipes is viscous or has a thick, sticky consistency between solid and liquid, perfect for pressing through a cookie press or piped through a pastry bag. Examples are French Macarons and ladyfingers, which are actually created from piped genoise sponge cake batter, Russian Tea or Mexican Wedding Cake Cookies. Spritz cookies are made from dough that is forced through a cookie press.

Rolled: They are made from slightly heavier dough than molded cookie recipes, the most common type being the sugar and shortbread cookies. The dough is chilled and then rolled on a countertop dusted with as little flour possible. The cookies are then cut in shapes, many times with cookie cutters. Other popular types are gingerbread and linzer cookies, sables and Mandelbrot.

 

Characteristics of Standard Cookies:

Appearance  
  Uniform shape
  Even contour
  Uniform color
  Ingredients evenly mixed
  May be larger due to greater spread
Texture  
  Characteristic of type — soft or
crisp
  Refrigerator cookies may not be
crisp. 
Tenderness  
  Breaks apart easily when chewed
  Not crumbly or especially hard (except Biscotti)
Flavor  
  Pleasing, well blended
  Free of unpleasant or distracting
flavors


SPECIAL COOKIE TOPICS 
Sandwich and filled cookies: Many filled and sandwich cookie recipes are as old as the hills and have a well nested place in tradition. 

Specialty cookie recipes: These get their distinct, well-defined shapes from special tools. French Madeleines are baked in Madeleine plaques; spicy Dutch speculaas are pressed into carved wooden molds; Swedish spritz cookies are formed into wreaths, ribbons, rosettes and other shapes using a cookie press fitted with a decorative template; German springerle are formed using a special carved rolling pin. The dough is stamped with the design, cut out and then allowed to dry overnight to set the design before the cookies are baked.

Holiday cookie recipes: Holidays are often celebrated with special cookies of their own. The Greek Easter cookies, koulourakia, for example, are one of the traditional foods used to break the Easter fast. Haman's Pockets (also known as Hamantaschen) are the traditional sweets of the festive Jewish holiday, Purim. In addition, as would be expected, the baking and sharing of Christmas cookies is an age-old custom in many countries through the world.

No Bake cookie recipesare are those that do not require an oven. They can be made from ready-to-eat cereals, such as Rice Krispies Treats, oatmeal, nuts, dry fruit, or coconut, and held together with a cooked syrup or heated sugar base such as melted marshmallows and butter.

Cookies Made From Baking Mix Recipes: With a baking mix as the base, all sorts of cookies can be made. The real benefit is that they are so easy to make, along with being simply delicious.

Cookie Mixes in Jar Recipes: For gift giving, cookie mixes in a jar, are so popular. What you do is layer all of the dry ingredients in the recipe and attach baking instructions. It includes combining the ingredients in the jar with perishable ones found at home, such as eggs, milk, etc to bake cookies.

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